There are a few different types of tiles which can be used for floors, and the type of material will usually depend on where the floor is located and what the function of that particular area is. Vinyl or ceramic tiles are good in areas where there is a lot of moisture and where regular cleaning takes place. Carpet tiles can be laid where soft surfaces are needed and cork tiles can be used not only on floors, but also on walls.
Laying down tiles takes longer to than sheet materials, but they have many advantages. They are usually less cumbersome to handle and can be cut according to size or to fit around awkward areas, so there is less wastage. If mistakes are made, it is easier to replace one tile than an entire section of flooring.
Vinyl tiles are available in a great range of colours, styles and budgets, from conventional smooth plastic through to mock marbles and slate finishes.
Cork tiles have difference surface finishes according to price. The finishes range from transparent PVC coatings to no coating at all. Uncoated cork needs to be finished with at least three layers of floor grade varnish.
To calculate the number of tiles required to cover a specific area, measure the room and multiply the width by the length to get the squared area measurement. If the room has a bay window or a chimney breast, calculate these separately and subtract them from the total room area.
Each pack of tiles will usually indicate the size of the tiles and how much area it will cover. This will usually be indicated in square meters. Divide the area of the room by the area of the pack and round up the answer to the nearest pack plus one. This will give the number of packs that need to be bought to cover the area, plus some additional tiles for fittings, skirtings and mistakes.
Vinyl and cork tiles are laid in the same way and the recommended adhesives have to be used in order to prolong the longevity and durability of the flooring. Some tiles are self-adhesive.